Siklos® is an antimetabolite indicated to reduce the frequency of painful crises and to reduce the need for blood transfusions in pediatric patients 2 years of age and older with sickle cell anemia with recurrent moderate to severe painful crises.
See full prescribing information for complete Boxed Warning.
Siklos® is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a previous hypersensitivity to hydroxyurea or any other component of its formulation.
Hydroxyurea causes severe myelosuppression. Do not initiate treatment with hydroxyurea in patients if bone marrow function is markedly depressed. Bone marrow suppression may occur, and leukopenia is generally its first and most common manifestation. Thrombocytopenia and anemia occur less often, and are seldom seen without a preceding leukopenia.
Some patients, treated at the recommended initial dose of 20 mg/kg/day, have experienced severe or life-threatening myelosuppression. Due to the change in body weight requiring modification of daily dose, pediatric patients have an increased risk of myelosuppression at the time of dose adjustment.
Evaluate hematologic status prior to and during treatment with Siklos® Provide supportive care and modify dose or discontinue Siklos® as needed. Recovery from myelosuppression is usually observed within 15 days when therapy is interrupted. Resume therapy after interruption at a lower dose.
Hydroxyurea is a human carcinogen. In patients receiving long-term hydroxyurea for myeloproliferative disorders (a condition for which Siklos® is not approved), secondary leukemia has been reported. Skin cancer has also been reported in patients receiving long-term hydroxyurea. Advise protection from sun exposure and monitor for the development of secondary malignancies.
Based on the mechanism of action and findings in animals, Siklos® can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.
Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and after treatment with Siklos® for at least 6 months after therapy. Advise males of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during and after treatment with Siklos® for at least 6 months after.
Vasculitic Toxicities (including Leg Ulcers)
Cutaneous vasculitic toxicities, including vasculitic ulcerations and gangrene, have occurred in patients with myeloproliferative disorders during therapy with hydroxyurea. These vasculitic toxicities were reported most often in patients with a history of, or currently receiving, interferon therapy. Due to potentially severe clinical outcomes for the cutaneous vasculitic ulcers reported in patients with myeloproliferative disease (a condition for which Siklos® is not approved), treatment with Siklos® should be discontinued and/or its dose reduced if cutaneous vasculitic ulcerations develop. Rarely, ulcers are caused by leukocytoclastic vasculitis.
Avoid use of Siklos® in patients with wounds on the legs (leg ulcers).
Risks with Concomitant Use of Antiretroviral Drugs
Pancreatitis, hepatotoxicity, and peripheral neuropathy have occurred when hydroxyurea was administered concomitantly with antiretroviral drugs, including didanosine and stavudine.
Risks with Concomitant Use of Live Virus Vaccine
Avoid use of live virus vaccine in patients taking Siklos®. Concomitant use of hydroxyurea with a live virus vaccine may potentiate the replication of the vaccine virus and/or may increase the adverse reactions of the vaccine virus and result in severe infection. Patient’s antibody response to vaccines may be decreased. Consider consultation with a specialist.
Siklos® may cause macrocytosis, which is self-limiting, and is often seen early in the course of treatment. The morphologic change resembles pernicious anemia, but is not related to vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency. This may mask the diagnosis of pernicious anemia. Prophylactic administration of folic acid is recommended.
Interference with Uric Acid, Urea, or Lactic Acid Assays is possible, rendering falsely elevated results of these in patients treated with hydroxyurea.
Other adverse reactions include skin and subcutaneous disorders (skin depigmentation/melanonychia, skin rash, alopecia), gastrointestinal disorders, vitamin D deficiency and headache.
At least one serious adverse reaction was reported in 32.6% of the 405 pediatric patients with sickle cell disease in ESCORT-HU. The most frequent serious adverse reactions were infections (17.8%), and blood and lymphatic system disorders (9.1%). This included serious neutropenia (3.2%), thrombocytopenia (3.0%) and anemia (3.0%). Other reported serious adverse reactions were gastrointestinal disorders (3.2%), fever (2.5%) and nervous system disorders (4.0%), including headache (2.7%).
Acute mucocutaneous toxicity has been reported in patients receiving hydroxyurea at doses several times above the therapeutic dose. Soreness, violet erythema, oedema on palms and soles followed by scaling of hand and feet, severe generalized hyperpigmentation of the skin and stomatitis have been observed.
To report suspected adverse reactions, contact Medunik USA at 1-844-884-5520 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please read the Full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning.